In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia

The nature reserves of the Igelsbachsee reservoir, the peninsula in the Kleiner Brombachsee, the Brombachmoor and the Sägmühle are also situated on the Brombachsee. The water degree of the Kleiner Brombachsee, like that of the Igelsbachsee, which is fed by the second giant tributary Igelsbach, is stored largely constant by a pre-dam. On the Eckersmühlen lock it is channeled from the upper water into the instantly neighboring Rothsee, a reservoir created within the Kleine Roth valley. The Danube-Essential transfer system consists of a complete of three lakes, together with the Altmühlsee with a ring dam and two dams with Brombach and Rothsee, which embody 5 dams attributable to their pre-dams, three hydroelectric energy plants at the dams and the Hilpoltstein lock, the canal routes to the Altmühlsee and from there to Brombachsee in addition to 27 other weirs on watercourses, a few of which have been expanded to accommodate higher water circulation. This water then flows through a energy plant with 3 megawatts of electrical output on the Hilpoltstein lock with a head of 24.67 m. Since then, it has hosted numerous Max Planck younger analysis teams and Alexander von Humboldt scholarship holders and, with the College of Engineering, has been concerned in the 2 Excellence Initiative institutions that have been set up on the College of Erlangen-Nuremberg in 2004.

Since 1994, water has been pumped from the Danube to the highest of the canal using pumps on the five locks on the southern ramp of the canal, from where it flows downwards over one other barrage into the Rothsee, the place the water is saved and, if crucial, in two various ways can also be delivered to the Regnitz. This is finished by way of a energy plant with a design output of 630 kilowatts (two by means of-circulate turbines with 315 kW each). 9.Zero m³/s can bypass the ability plant. As well as, floodwater in the higher Altmühl close to Ornbau is diverted into the transfer system, which is intended to guard the Altmühltal beneath from flooding. When the Altmühl floods, excess water is channeled into the 5 km long Altmühl feeder close to Ornbau to the Altmühlsee. Without the addition, the Regnitz can carry lower than 10 m³/s of water on the Hüttendorf gauge in dry circumstances. With the Danube-Main transfer, the water management authorities of the Free State of Bavaria divert water from the Danube river system into the Regnitz and Foremost system in Franconia, which is threatened by temporary drought. There are additionally parts and amenities of the principle-Danube Canal that simultaneously serve other functions: the canal itself between the connection to the Danube and the outlet into the Schwarzach, together with the inlet and outlet structures, as effectively because the pumping stations on the south ramp.

Whereas in the name Main-Danube Canal the rivers inside the phrase correspond to the geographical arrangement on the north-dealing with map, the time period Danube-Important transition displays the move route of the water pumped from the Danube and flowing in path of the primary. Its longest tributaries also flow into this decrease part of its course, specifically the Schwarzach, formerly also the Sulz, which has now been cut up as a result of the use of its valley and water for the principle-Danube Canal and its predecessor, then the one that, to a certain extent, represents it today Canal itself and at last the Weiße Laber, all left-hand tributaries, whose nice size and catchment space reflects the way more distant location of the left watershed to the Rhenish system on this area. This water will improve the water high quality of Regnitz and Predominant, which has been affected by intensive industrial and agricultural use. This brought with it significant restrictions on use and ecological dangers, e.g. B. for the elimination of financial institution filtrate for irrigation of the Center Franconian vegetable rising area, which solely became attainable with the switch, or via using cooling water, and so forth. In the long run, a mean annual transfer by way of your entire system of a hundred and fifty million m³ of water is anticipated, 5/6 of that through the principle-Danube Canal. When water is low, water can be released from the lake back into the Altmühl, however as a rule it’s initially transported from the Altmühlsee via the 8.7 km lengthy Altmühl overpass, which crosses beneath the watershed in a tunnel over a distance of 2.7 km the Kleiner Brombachsee and from there into the immediately adjoining Großer Brombachsee.

Between 1995 and 2013, a median of 27.9 million had been offered this fashion annually. M³ of water over the water sheath was transferred, after the end of the set up, an average of 26.5 million m³ had been transferred in 1999-2013 and 28.7 million m³ from the Brombachsee have been given, whereby eleven million m³ of further inflow from the catchment area of ​​the Brombach turns into. Within the years 1994-2013, a median of 97 million m³ of water had been transferred to the Rothsee annually, the pure inflow of the small pink is approx. The nature reserve runs about 2.6 kilometers along the south bank of the Großer Brombachsee, from the dam of the small Brombachsee To Ramsberg. The wasteland is situated within the Franconian Seenland, 1.5 kilometers southwest of Pleinfeld on a forest edge. South bank of the good Brombachsee, about three kilometers northeast of Langlau and 2.2 kilometers northwest of Ramsberg near the Weißenberg. Partly paid parking services are situated at the sports activities boat port in Langlau and in Ramsberg. The pouch mill was situated on the Brombach northeast of the Pfofeld district of Langlau and south of Absberg in the realm of ​​today's Kleiner Brombachsee.

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